An Attempt of Explanatory Classification of Human Developmental Stages


  • Samvel KHUDOYAN Khachatur Abovian Armenian State Pedagogical University



principles of age classification, functional approach, developmental problems, developmental stages


In recent decades, interest in stages of human development sufficiently decreased. The existing stage theories were hardly criticised for methodological issues, insufficient empirical validity, but rare attempts have been made to solve these issues. As a result, contemporary developmental psychology is constructed on the basis of worldly division of ages (infancy, childhood, adolescence, etc.), but not a scientific classification. We offer an explanatory life-span developmental theory based on the functional approach. According to this theory, the function of each developmental stage is to achieve a specific goal by solving a certain developmental problem through a special developmental program. There are four developmental problems and, accordingly, four stages identified. The first problem/stage is the formation of the subject of species activity (0–7 years); the second stage is aimed at developing the subject of sexual activity (8–20, 22 years). During the third stage, a subject of family and work activity forms (20, 22–40, 45 years), and the meaning of the last stage is self-exhaustion (from age 40, 45 until the end of life).

Author Biography

Samvel KHUDOYAN, Khachatur Abovian Armenian State Pedagogical University

Head of the Chair of Applied Psychology at Khachatur Abovian Armenian State Pedagogical University, Doctor of Sciences in Psychology, Professor


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How to Cite

KHUDOYAN, S. (2021). An Attempt of Explanatory Classification of Human Developmental Stages. Main Issues Of Pedagogy And Psychology, 19(1), 7-23.