• GIDEON ARULMANI Indian Institute of Mental Health and Neuroscience



Anthropologists describe culture as human phenomena that cannot be attributed to genetic or biological inheritance, but reflective of a cohesive and assimilated system of learned behaviour patterns which characterize the members of a social group (Hoebel, 1966). Other features of culture include the symbolic representation of experiences and the distinct ways in which groups of people classify and represent their collective experience (Geertz, 1973; Liu & Sibley, 2009)

Author Biography

GIDEON ARULMANI , Indian Institute of Mental Health and Neuroscience

Clinical Psychologist, Indian Institute of Mental Health and Neuroscience


1. Arulmani, G. (2005). The psychological fall out of the call center industry: Excerpts from clinical case records (Prepared for the IDPAD Project, National Institute of Advanced Studies). Bangalore, India: The Promise Foundation.
2. Arulmani, G. (2006). Unpublished clinical records (2000 to 2006). Bangalore, India: The Promise Foundation.
3. Arulmani, G. (2007). Counselling psychology in India: At the confluence of two traditions. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 56(1), 69–89.
4. Arulmani, G. (2008). The Development and Validation of Career Belief Patterns Scale (Version 2) (Monograph). Bangalore, India: The Promise Foundation.
5. Arulmani, G. (2011). Receive in order to give: Eastern cultural values and their relevance to contemporary career counselling contexts. Occasional Paper: Faculty of Education, Canterbury Christ Church University, 16–22.
6. Arulmani, G., & Abdulla, A. (2007). Capturing the ripples: Addressing the sustainability of the impact of social marketing. Social Marketing Quarterly, 13(4), 84–107.
7. Arulmani, G., Bakshi, A. J., Leong F. T. L., & Watts, A. G. (in press). The manifestation of career. In G. Arulmani, A. J. Bakshi, F. T. L. Leong, & A. G. Watts. (Eds.), Handbook of Career Development: International perspectives. New York, NY: Springer International.
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How to Cite

ARULMANI , G. . . (2014). CONTEXT AND CULTURE–RESONANT APPROACHES WORK AS CULTURE. Main Issues Of Pedagogy And Psychology, 5(2), 124-135.